It consists of baroque classicist, decorative three-row architecture from l. half 18th century. To the left of the iconostasis there is a side altar of the Transfiguration of the Lord from the 2nd half. 17th century until the beginning of the 18th century. The origin of the circular object, suspended from the ceiling in the center of the nave, is linked to a legend from the middle of the 17th century, which has been preserved in the village. The church was moved to the exhibition in 1979 and re-consecrated in 1991. During important church holidays, liturgies and devotions are held here in the Old Slavic language.
A corner with a table in which the walls are decorated with religious paintings
saints, they called (švatij kut). Simple folk furniture had a multifunctional use. Three weddings and four funerals were celebrated in this house. However, the house was not a shelter for the newborn. The house was occupied by a childless couple until the last moment. In addition to agriculture, the owner of the house was engaged in the tinsmith’s craft and often spent his travels in Hungary.
The buildings were used for housing by families throughout the summer, where they also came with cattle. The purpose of this management was to ensure enough fodder for livestock during the summer and for the whole winter. During the meadow work, it was cheerful on the surrounding mountains. Singing rang out from the fireplace not only during the day, but also late in the evening.
They were placed in the yard or outside the yard, usually in front of houses. They often formed terraced buildings along the stream. The interior has two floors. Grain was stored in board dams, in sheds and in sections. Chests with clothing, weaving tools, etc. were commonly found here. Granary doors were usually fitted with massive locks.
The pitvor was not originally heated, with the construction of a stove after the Second World War, it turns into a kitchen. The owner owned 6 ha of land, a couple of horses, he made extra money as a coachman. He transported local residents to the nearest railway station in Podolínec by truck. He was a municipal magistrate for several years. Two generations lived in the house, they enjoyed the birth of 8 children, celebrated 5 marriages here.
The other members of the family slept on benches and on the stove in the morgue. There is also an oven for baking bread in the mortuary. It represents the oldest type of bread oven preserved in Upper Spiš. Before entering the oven, it was cooked on an open hearth. The smoke was vented to the attic by a trap. To create the interior of the house, exhibits were obtained from the village of Litmanová.
In the house there is an interesting fireplace built on the inner wall of the room and the mortuary. It represents a combination of a stove and a bread oven, the mouth of which with an open hearth and stove is in the mortuary. The interior of the room, especially the place around the table, brings closer the celebration of Christmas in the circle of a close family. The owner of the homestead owned 9 ha of agricultural land, he was considered a rich farmer in the village. In addition to farming, he was engaged in the production of cooper’s products (wooden containers for water, milk, butter dishes, shovels, etc.) 1 child was born in the house. They celebrated 3 marriages in the family.
Teachers from Bohemia and various parts of Slovakia used to come to our area for placement. School attendance was compulsory for children from 6 to 12 years old. In the past, the school was rarely fully occupied. The children had to help at home with agricultural work and herding cattle. They mostly attended school in the winter.
In the past, the work of a carpenter was very arduous, especially demanding on the manual processing of material. Basic working tools of a village carpenter are installed in the interior.
In the interior of the house there is an exhibition dedicated to tinkering. The village of Jarabina in Spiš is known as the tinsmith’s village. In the vicinity of Stara Ľubovna, in addition to Jarabina, there were also other tinsmith villages – Litmanová, Kamienka, Stránany, Veľký Lipník. Already in the 19th century, almost without exception, all young and middle-aged men went to Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Subcarpathian Russia to earn money. The exhibition brings together all kinds of work by the Spiš tinsmiths.
The red decoration of the sheet and the needles stuck in it were supposed to protect the child and the mother from evil forces. The baby was bathed in a wooden tub. In the first bath, the grandmother poured holy water against the action of evil forces. The water from the first bath was poured under the tree. The bathed child was smeared with butter, wrapped in a cloth diaper and a pillow. A number of superstitions and customs are associated with the birth of a child, which were supposed to ensure the child’s healthy growth, happiness and wealth.
The wedding was preceded by quizzes and three announcements read in the church. After these events, the day of marriage finally approached. It was traditionally closed at the beginning of the week – on Monday morning. The wedding lasted three days. It started on Sunday evening with the farewell of young people. On Monday, she continued with the marriage and on Tuesday with the transfer of the young woman’s equipment to her mother-in-law’s house. The wedding feasts were modest, but full of gaiety and singing.
The source of sustenance for a family with three children was the widespread tinkering craft and the breeding of breeding bulls. The interior of the house approximates the most difficult and saddest moment in the life of a family – death. From the moment of death, the household stopped the clock in the house, shot the mirror, put money in the dead man’s hand. The woman’s clothes from the marriage were put in the chest. The garment of innocence was supposed to protect the soul from the fire of purgatory. Many pagan elements have been preserved in the customs associated with death.
The blacksmith made agricultural tools, forgings for wooden tools and shoed horses and cattle. A covered area in front of the forge entrance was used for shoeing horses and cattle. The last blacksmith in this forge was Marcel Sekerák.
The grinding was ground several times with rollers and then it was sieved into flour and scrap in the seeding boxes in the attic and on the ground floor. The mill worked all year round. At harvest time, they took a short break, which was necessary for minor maintenance of the technical equipment in the mill. The mill milled for the surrounding villages. Its last owner was František Pavliak, who in the 1930s rebuilt it from the original stone mill to a roller mill.
It is built of brick and stone,
smeared with clay and painted with deep blue lime paint. In the middle of the 20th century, the original owners – siblings Katarín and Vasiľ Šug – lived in the house. They did not modernize the interior of the house and thanks
therefore, everything original has been preserved here, which testifies to their humble and simple way of life.
Similar chapels are often situated on prominent
places, intersections, cemeteries or where they commemorate a certain event. They have the form of a small building with a small interior space or niche, where a sacred statue or painting and decoration are placed. The construction of a copy of the chapel took place in 2014.
Dňa 29. júna 2023 je hrad Ľubovňa z technických príčin zatvorený!
Skanzen pod hradom je otvorený od 9.00 – 19.00 h, posledný vstup o 18.00 h. Ďakujeme za pochopenie.